CONVERSION TABLES

Measuring Cups Spoons

 

CUP, TABLESPOON and TEASPOON to MILILITERS (cup to ml)

1 cup = 16 tablespoons = 48 teaspoons = 240 ml
3/4 cup = 12 tablespoons = 36 teaspoons = 180 ml
2/3 cup = 11 tablespoons = 32 teaspoons = 160 ml
1/2 cup = 8 tablespoons = 24 teaspoons = 120 ml
1/3 cup = 5 tablespoons = 16 teaspoons = 80 ml
1/4 cup = 4 tablespoons = 12 teaspoons = 60 ml
1 tablespoon = 15 ml
1 teaspoon = 5 ml

 

CUP to FLUID OUNCES (cup to fl. oz)

1 cup = 8 fl oz
3/4 cup = 6 fl oz
2/3 cup = 5 fl oz
1/2 cup = 4 fl oz
1/3 cup = 3 fl oz
1/4 cup = 2 fl oz
1 tablespoon = 0.5 fl oz
1 fl oz = 2 tablespoons = 6 teaspoons

 

OUNCES to GRAMS*

1 ounce = 28 grams
2 ounces = 55 grams
3 ounces = 85 grams
3.5 ounces = 100 grams
4 ounces = 115 grams
5 ounces = 140 grams
6 ounces = 170 grams
8 ounces = 225 grams
10 ounces = 285 grams
12 ounces = 340 grams
16 ounces = 1 pound = 455 grams

* Grams are rounded to the nearest 5 grams.

 

POUNDS to GRAMS & KILOGRAMS*

1/4 pound = 115 grams
1/2 pound = 225 grams
3/4 pound = 340 grams
1 pound = 455 grams
1.25 pounds = 567 grams
1.5 pounds = 680 grams
2 pounds = 908 grams
2.5 pounds = 1.15 kilograms
3 pounds = 1.35 kilograms

* Kilograms are rounded to the nearest 50 grams and grams to the nearest 5 grams.

 

FAHRENHEIT (°F) to CELCIUS (°C) to GAS MARK

250°F = 120°C = gas mark 1/2
275°F = 135°C = gas mark 1
300°F = 150°C = gas mark 2
325°F = 160°C = gas mark 3
350°F = 175°C = gas mark 4
375°F = 190°C = gas mark 5
400°F = 200°C = gas mark 6
425°F = 220°C = gas mark 7
450°F = 230°C = gas mark 8
475°F = 245°C = gas mark 9
500°F = 260°C = gas mark 10

 

FLOUR*

1 cup flour = 140 grams
3/4 cup flour = 105 grams
2/3 cup flour = 93 grams
1/2 cup flour = 70 grams
1/3 cup flour = 47 grams
1/4 cup flour = 35 grams
1 tablespoon flour = 9 grams

* Weights can vary considerably depending on the method used to measure flour. The values above are calculated according to the scoop-and-sweep method to measure flour by volume: use a spoon to fluff up the flour in the bin, dip the measuring cup into the flour and scoop it up, then sweep across the top of the cup with the back of a knife to level it.

 

GRANULATED SUGAR & PACKED LIGHT BROWN SUGAR

1 cup granulated sugar = 200 grams
3/4 cup granulated sugar = 150 grams
2/3 cup granulated sugar = 133 grams
1/2 cup granulated sugar = 100 grams
1/3 cup granulated sugar = 67 grams
1/4 cup granulated sugar = 50 grams
1 tablespoon granulated sugar = 13 grams

 

BROWN SUGAR

1 cup brown sugar = 220 grams
3/4 cup brown sugar = 165 grams
2/3 cup brown sugar = 145 grams
1/2 cup brown sugar = 110 grams
1/3 cup brown sugar = 75 grams
1/4 cup brown sugar = 55 grams
1 tablespoon brown sugar = 15 grams

 

COCOA POWDER*

1 cup cocoa powder = 100 grams
3/4 cup cocoa powder = 75 grams
2/3 cup cocoa powder = 67 grams
1/2 cup cocoa  powder= 50 grams
1/3 cup cocoa powder = 33 grams
1/4 cup cocoa powder = 25 grams
1 tablespoon cocoa powder = 6 grams

* Weights can vary considerably depending on the method used to measure cocoa powder. The values above are calculated according to the spoon-and-level method, where the cocoa powder is spooned into a measuring cup or spoon, then swept across the top with the back of a knife to level it.

 

CORNSTARCH*

1 cup cornstarch = 125 grams
3/4 cup cornstarch = 95 grams
2/3 cup cornstarch = 85 grams
1/2 cup cornstarch = 65 grams
1/3 cup cornstarch = 40 grams
1/4 cup cornstarch = 30 grams
1 tablespoon cornstarch = 8 grams

* Weights can vary considerably depending on the method used to measure cornstarch. The values above are calculated according to the spoon-and-level method, where the cornstarch is spooned into a measuring cup or spoon, then swept across the top with the back of a knife to level it.

 

CONFECTIONERS’ (POWDERED) SUGAR*

1 cup confectioners’ sugar = 160 grams
3/4 cup confectioners’ sugar = 120 grams
2/3 cup confectioners’ sugar = 107 grams
1/2 cup confectioners’ sugar = 80 grams
1/3 cup confectioners’ sugar = 53 grams
1/4 cup confectioners’ sugar = 40 grams
1 tablespoon confectioners’ sugar = 10 grams

* Weights can vary considerably depending on the method used to measure confectioners’ sugar. The values above are calculated according to the spoon-and-level method, where the confectioners’ sugar is spooned into a measuring cup or spoon, then swept across the top with the back of a knife to level it.

 

BAKING POWDER

1 tablespoon baking powder = 12 grams
2+1/2 teaspoons baking powder = 10 grams
2 teaspoons baking powder = 8 grams
1+3/4 teaspoons baking powder = 7 grams
1+1/2 teaspoons baking powder = 6 grams
1+1/4 teaspoons baking powder = 5 grams
1 teaspoon baking powder = 4 grams
3/4 teaspoon baking powder = 3 grams
1/2 teaspoon baking powder = 2 grams
1/4 teaspoon baking powder = 1 gram

 

BAKING SODA

1 tablespoon baking soda = 20 grams
2 teaspoons baking soda = 14 grams
1+3/4 teaspoons baking soda = 12 grams
1+1/2 teaspoons baking soda = 10 grams
1+1/4 teaspoons baking soda = 9 grams
1 teaspoon baking soda = 7 grams
3/4 teaspoon baking soda = 5 grams
1/2 teaspoon baking soda = 3 grams
1/4 teaspoon baking soda = 2 grams

 

FINE SEA SALT

1 tablespoon fine sea salt = 24 grams
2 teaspoons fine sea salt = 16 grams
1+3/4 teaspoons fine sea salt = 14 grams
1+1/2 teaspoons fine sea salt = 12 grams
1+1/4 teaspoons fine sea salt = 10 grams
1 teaspoon fine sea salt = 8 grams
3/4 teaspoon fine sea salt = 6 grams
1/2 teaspoon fine sea salt = 4 grams
1/4 teaspoon fine sea salt = 2 grams

 

INSTANT YEAST

1 tablespoon instant yeast = 12 grams
2+1/2 teaspoons instant yeast = 10 grams
2 teaspoons instant yeast = 8 grams
1+3/4 teaspoons instant yeast = 7 grams
1+1/2 teaspoons instant yeast = 6 grams
1+1/4 teaspoons instant yeast = 5 grams
1 teaspoon instant yeast = 4 grams
3/4 teaspoon instant yeast = 3 grams
1/2 teaspoon instant yeast = 2 grams
1/4 teaspoon instant yeast = 1 gram

 

BUTTER (cup, stick, pound, ounce, gram)*

1 pound butter = 455 grams
1 cup butter = 2 sticks = 8 ounces = 230 grams
1 stick butter = 4 ounces = 115 grams

14 tablespoons butter = 200 grams = 7 ounces
12 tablespoons butter = 170 grams = 6 ounces
10 tablespoons butter = 140 grams = 5 ounces
9 tablespoons butter = 125 grams = 4.5 ounces
7 tablespoons butter = 100 grams = 3.5 ounces
6 tablespoons butter = 85 grams = 3 ounces
5 tablespoons butter = 70 grams = 2.5 ounces
3 tablespoons butter = 40 grams = 1.5 ounces
1 tablespoon butter = 15 grams = 0.5 ounces

* Ounces are rounded to the nearest 0.1 ounce and grams to the nearest 5 grams.

 

OLIVE OIL

1 cup olive oil = 216 grams
3/4 cup olive oil = 162 grams
2/3 cup olive oil = 144 grams
1/2 cup olive oil = 108 grams
1/3 cup olive oil = 72 grams
1/4 cup olive oil = 54 grams
1 tablespoon olive oil = 14 grams
1 teaspoon olive oil = 5 grams

 

STRAINED (GREEK-STYLE) YOGURT

1 cup yogurt = 230 grams
3/4 cup yogurt = 173 grams
2/3 cup yogurt = 153 grams
1/2 cup yogurt = 115 grams
1/3 cup yogurt = 77 grams
1/4 cup yogurt = 58 grams
1 tablespoon yogurt = 14 grams

 

MILK

1 cup milk = 240 grams
3/4 cup milk = 180 grams
2/3 cup milk = 160 grams
1/2 cup milk = 120 grams
1/3 cup milk = 80 grams
1/4 cup milk = 60 grams
1 tablespoon milk = 15 grams

 

HEAVY CREAM

1 cup heavy cream = 240 grams
3/4 cup heavy cream = 180 grams
2/3 cup heavy cream = 160 grams
1/2 cup heavy cream = 120 grams
1/3 cup heavy cream = 80 grams
1/4 cup heavy cream = 60 grams
1 tablespoon heavy cream = 15 grams

 

HONEY & MAPLE SYRUP & MOLASSES

1 cup honey (or maple syrup or molasses) = 320 grams
3/4 cup honey = 240 grams
2/3 cup honey = 213 grams
1/2 cup honey = 160 grams
1/3 cup honey = 107 grams
1/4 cup honey = 80 grams
1 tablespoon honey = 20 gram

ALMOND FLOUR & HAZELNUT FLOUR (BLANCHED)

1 cup almond (or hazelnut) flour = 100 grams
3/4 cup almond flour = 75 grams
2/3 cup almond flour = 67 grams
1/2 cup almond flour = 50 grams
1/3 cup almond flour = 33 grams
1/4 cup almond flour = 25 grams
1 tablespoon almond flour = 6 grams

 

PISTACHIO FLOUR (BLANCHED)

1 cup pistachio flour = 90 grams
3/4 cup pistachio flour = 68 grams
2/3 cup pistachio flour = 60 grams
1/2 cup pistachio flour = 45 grams
1/3 cup pistachio flour = 30 grams
1/4 cup pistachio flour = 23 grams
1 tablespoon pistachio flour = 6 grams

 

ALMOND/HAZELNUT/PISTACHIO – SLICED

1 cup sliced almonds (or hazelnuts or pistachios) = 100 grams
3/4 cup sliced almonds = 75 grams
2/3 cup sliced almonds = 67 grams
1/2 cup sliced almonds = 50 grams
1/3 cup sliced almonds = 33 grams
1/4 cup sliced almonds = 25 grams
1 tablespoon sliced almonds = 6 grams

 

WALNUT HALVES

1 cup walnut halves = 90 grams
3/4 cup walnut halves = 68 grams
2/3 cup walnut halves = 60 grams
1/2 cup walnut halves = 45 grams
1/3 cup walnut halves = 30 grams
1/4 cup walnut halves = 23 grams

 

HAZELNUT (WHOLE BLANCHED)

1 cup whole blanched hazelnuts = 130 grams
3/4 cup whole blanched hazelnuts = 98 grams
2/3 cup whole blanched hazelnuts = 87 grams
1/2 cup whole blanched hazelnuts = 65 grams
1/3 cup whole blanched hazelnuts = 43 grams
1/4 cup whole blanched hazelnuts = 33 grams

 

PISTACHIO (WHOLE BLANCHED)

1 cup whole blanched pistachios = 135 grams
3/4 cup whole blanched pistachios = 101 grams
2/3 cup whole blanched pistachios = 90 grams
1/2 cup whole blanched pistachios = 68 grams
1/3 cup whole blanched pistachios = 45 grams
1/4 cup whole blanched pistachios = 34 grams

 

UNSWEETENED SHREDDED DRIED COCONUT

1 cup unsweetened shredded dried coconut = 80 grams
3/4 cup unsweetened shredded dried coconut = 60 grams
2/3 cup unsweetened shredded dried coconut = 53 grams
1/2 cup unsweetened shredded dried coconut = 40 grams
1/3 cup unsweetened shredded dried coconut = 27 grams
1/4 cup unsweetened shredded dried coconut = 20 grams
1 tablespoon unsweetened shredded dried coconut = 5 grams

 

SESAME SEEDS & FLAX SEEDS & POPPY SEEDS

1 cup sesame seeds (or flax seeds or poppy seeds) = 160 grams
3/4 cup sesame seeds = 120 grams
2/3 cup sesame seeds = 107 grams
1/2 cup sesame seeds = 80 grams
1/3 cup sesame seeds = 53 grams
1/4 cup sesame seeds = 40 grams
1 tablespoon sesame seeds = 10 grams

 

PINE NUTS & SUNFLOWER SEEDS

1 cup pine nuts (or sunflower seeds) = 140 grams
3/4 cup pine nuts = 105 grams
2/3 cup pine nuts = 93 grams
1/2 cup pine nuts = 70 grams
1/3 cup pine nuts = 47 grams
1/4 cup pine nuts = 35 grams
1 tablespoon pine nuts = 9 grams

 

OLD-FASHIONED ROLLED OATS

1 cup old-fashioned rolled oats = 80 grams
3/4 cup old-fashioned rolled oats = 60 grams
2/3 cup old-fashioned rolled oats = 53 grams
1/2 cup old-fashioned rolled oats = 40 grams
1/3 cup old-fashioned rolled oats = 27 grams
1/4 cup old-fashioned rolled oats = 20 grams

 

Cinnamon/Ginger/Allspice (ground)

1 tablespoon ground cinnamon (or ginger or allspice) = 9 grams
1 teaspoon ground cinnamon = 3 grams
3/4 teaspoon ground cinnamon = 2 grams
1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon = 2 grams
1/4 teaspoon ground cinnamon = 1 gram

 

Matcha

1 tablespoon matcha = 6 grams
1 teaspoon matcha = 2 grams
3/4 teaspoon matcha = 2 grams
1/2 teaspoon matcha = 1 gram
1/4 teaspoon matcha = 1 gram

 

Gelatin (powdered)

1 tablespoon powdered gelatin = 12 grams
1 teaspoon powdered gelatin = 4 grams
3/4 teaspoon powdered gelatin = 3 grams
1/2 teaspoon powdered gelatin = 2 grams
1/4 teaspoon powdered gelatin = 1 gram

 

BLACKBERRY

1 cup fresh blackberries = 150 grams
3/4 cup fresh blackberries = 113 grams
2/3 cup fresh blackberries = 100 grams
1/2 cup fresh blackberries = 75 grams
1/3 cup fresh blackberries = 50 grams
1/4 cup fresh blackberries = 38 grams

 

BLUEBERRY

1 cup fresh blueberries = 135 grams
3/4 cup fresh blueberries = 101 grams
2/3 cup fresh blueberries = 90 grams
1/2 cup fresh blueberries = 68 grams
1/3 cup fresh blueberries = 45 grams
1/4 cup fresh blueberries = 34 grams

 

RASPBERRY & STRAWBERRY

1 cup fresh raspberries (or strawberries) = 120 grams
3/4 cup fresh raspberries = 90 grams
2/3 cup fresh raspberries = 80 grams
1/2 cup fresh raspberries = 60 grams
1/3 cup fresh raspberries = 40 grams
1/4 cup fresh raspberries = 30 grams

 

SOUR CHERRY & POMEGRANATE ARILS

1 cup fresh pitted sour cherries (or pomegranate arils) = 140 grams
3/4 cup fresh pitted sour cherries = 105 grams
2/3 cup fresh pitted sour cherries = 93 grams
1/2 cup fresh pitted sour cherries = 70 grams
1/3 cup fresh pitted sour cherries = 47 grams
1/4 cup fresh pitted sour cherries = 35 grams

 

RED CURRANTS

1 cup stemmed fresh red currants = 160 grams
3/4 cup stemmed fresh red currants = 120 grams
2/3 cup stemmed fresh red currants = 107 grams
1/2 cup stemmed fresh red currants = 80 grams
1/3 cup stemmed fresh red currants = 53 grams
1/4 cup stemmed fresh red currants = 40 grams

 

EGG (LARGE)

1 large egg (in the shell) = 62-71 grams
1 large egg (without shell) = 54 grams = 1.9 ounces
1 large egg yolk = 1 tablespoon = 20 grams = 0.7 ounces
1 large egg white = 2 tablespoons = 35 grams = 1.23 ounces

 

YEAST SUBSTITUTION (FRESH to ACTIVE DRY to INSTANT)

100 grams fresh yeast = 40-50 grams active dry yeast = 33 grams instant yeast

 

 

摘自CAFE FERNANDO

 

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